Are Hedgehogs Good Pets? - Pet Expert Connect

Are Hedgehogs Good Pets?

As an enthusiastic hedgehog lover and advisor, I can confidently say that hedgehogs can make delightful and intriguing pets for the right owners. These small, spiky creatures have won the hearts of many with their unique appearance and endearing personalities. However, before deciding to welcome a hedgehog into your home, it’s essential to understand their needs, behavior, and the responsibilities that come with being a hedgehog owner.

Understanding Hedgehogs: Are Hedgehogs Good Pets?

Hedgehog Characteristics and Behavior

Hedgehogs are nocturnal creatures, meaning they are most active during the night. They have a solitary nature, which makes them less likely to seek constant attention or interaction. Despite their prickly appearance, they can be tamed and become accustomed to human touch.

Legal Considerations

Before bringing a hedgehog home, check your local regulations and ensure that owning one as a pet is legal in your area. Some regions have restrictions or licensing requirements for keeping hedgehogs due to their exotic status.

Time and Commitment

Hedgehogs may not demand as much time as dogs or cats, but they still require consistent care and attention. Be prepared to invest time in their care and interact with them regularly to build trust and a bond.

Hedgehog Lifespan

It’s essential to consider the long-term commitment required for hedgehog ownership. On average, hedgehogs live around 4-7 years, and some may even live up to 10 years with proper care.

Choosing the Right Hedgehog

When selecting a hedgehog, look for one that is alert, active, and has clear eyes and nose. A healthy hedgehog will have a good appetite and show curiosity in its surroundings.

Creating a Suitable Habitat

Cage Setup

Provide a spacious cage with plenty of room for your hedgehog to explore and move around comfortably. Multi-level cages with hiding spots are ideal.

Temperature and Humidity

Maintain a suitable temperature between 72-80°F (22-27°C) in the hedgehog’s habitat. Keep humidity levels around 40-50%.

Bedding Options

Choose safe and soft bedding material for the enclosure, such as fleece or paper-based bedding.

Proper Lighting

Hedgehogs require a consistent light-dark cycle to regulate their internal clock. Provide 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness.

Enrichment and Toys

Keep your hedgehog mentally stimulated by offering a variety of toys and activities, such as tunnels, wheels, and puzzle feeders.

Feeding and Nutrition

Hedgehog Diet

A balanced diet is crucial for a healthy hedgehog. Their diet should consist of high-quality hedgehog food supplemented with fresh foods.

Commercial Hedgehog Food

Choose a reputable brand of hedgehog food that meets their nutritional needs.

Fresh Foods

Offer occasional treats of fresh fruits, vegetables, and insects, but avoid foods that are toxic to hedgehogs.

Water Requirements

Provide fresh, clean water at all times in a shallow dish that is easy for the hedgehog to access.

Treats and Snacks

Limit treats to prevent overfeeding and maintain a healthy weight for your pet.

Handling and Socialization

Taming Your Hedgehog

Be patient and gentle when taming your hedgehog, as they may be timid at first. Use positive reinforcement and avoid sudden movements.

Social Interaction

While hedgehogs are not as social as some other pets, they can still form bonds with their owners. Spend time with them regularly to build trust.

Bonding with Your Pet

Create positive experiences with your hedgehog through play and handling, helping to strengthen your bond.

Health Care and Maintenance

Regular Health Checkups

Schedule regular visits to an exotic veterinarian to ensure your hedgehog’s health is in check.

Grooming Needs

Hedgehogs are generally clean animals, but occasional baths may be necessary.

Common Health Issues

Familiarize yourself with potential health issues hedgehogs may face, such as respiratory infections and dental problems.

Veterinary Care

If you notice any concerning symptoms, seek veterinary attention promptly.

Hygiene Practices

Maintain a clean habitat and wash your hands before and after handling your hedgehog.

Hedgehog Safety and Potential Hazards

Safe Environment

Hedgehog-proof your home to prevent potential accidents or escapes.

Toxic Substances

Keep your hedgehog away from toxic plants and substances that could harm them.

Handling Precautions

Handle your hedgehog carefully to avoid getting pricked by their quills.

Health Risks

Be aware of zoonotic diseases that can be transmitted between hedgehogs and humans.

Pros of Having a Hedgehog as a Pet

Unique and Charming Pets

Hedgehogs are fascinating and adorable creatures that capture the hearts of many.

Low Allergenic Potential

They are less likely to cause allergies compared to traditional pets like cats and dogs.

Low Noise Level

Hedgehogs are quiet animals, making them suitable for apartment living.

Independent Nature

Their independent nature means they are content spending time alone.

Low Space Requirements

Hedgehogs do not need a large living space, making them suitable for small homes or apartments.

Cons of Having a Hedgehog as a Pet

Nocturnal Habits

Their nocturnal behavior might not align with the schedules of some potential owners.

Quills and Handling

Hedgehog quills can be prickly and may require cautious handling.

Specific Diet and Care Needs

Hedgehogs have specific dietary and habitat requirements that demand attention to detail.

Short Lifespan

Their relatively short lifespan means you must be prepared for potential loss.

Potential Legal Restrictions

Check local regulations to ensure hedgehog ownership is allowed in your area.

Conclusion: Are Hedgehogs Good Pets?

Owning a hedgehog can be a rewarding experience for the right person. These enchanting creatures can make wonderful companions with their unique personalities and low-maintenance care requirements. However, it’s essential to consider their specific needs and be prepared to invest time, effort, and love into their well-being. By providing a safe and suitable environment and establishing a strong bond with your hedgehog, you can create a fulfilling and happy life for these delightful pets.


  1. Are hedgehogs good pets for kids?

    • Hedgehogs can be suitable pets for responsible and gentle children. However, adult supervision is essential to ensure both the child and the hedgehog’s safety.
  2. How much time do hedgehogs require daily?

    • Hedgehogs are low-maintenance pets, but they still need daily interaction and care, including playtime and feeding.
  3. Can I let my hedgehog roam freely in the house?

    • While some hedgehog owners do allow supervised free-roaming time, it’s essential to hedgehog-proof the area and be cautious of potential hazards.
  4. Do hedgehogs get along with other pets?

    • Hedgehogs are solitary animals and may not enjoy the company of other pets. It’s best to keep them separated.
  5. Can I keep multiple hedgehogs together?

    • It’s generally not recommended to house multiple hedgehogs together, as they may become territorial and aggressive toward each other.